Antifungal studies were made of mixtures of minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 8-quinolinol and its 5- and 7-halo analogues against six fungi: Aspergillus niger, A. oryzae, Trichoderma viride, Myrothecium verrucaria, Mucor cirinelloides, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Mixtures of 8-quinolinol with 5- or 7-fluoro-8-quinolinol and of 5- and 7-fluoro-8-quinolinol showed additive activity, and their respective toxicities were reversed by L-cysteine. These results suggested a common mechanism of activity for the three toxicants. Potentiation of the fungitoxicity of mixtures of 8-quinolinol and its 5- and 7-chloro, bromo, and iodo analogues, as well as mixtures of 5- and 7-chloro, 5- and 7-bromo, and 5- and 7-iodo-8-quinolinols, along with the absence of protection of the fungi by L-cysteine from the toxicities of these compounds was observed. This suggested that the modes of action of these compounds were different from each other and from 8-quinolinol and the 5- and 7-fluoro analogues. The geometry of 8-quinolinol as influenced by substituents in the 5- and 7- positions of the molecule determines its site(s) of fungitoxicity
Gershon, Herman; Clarke, Donald Dudley PhD; and Gershon, Muriel, "Evidence of steric factors in the fungitoxic mechanism of 8-quinolinol and its 5- and 7-halogenated analogues / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, and Muriel Gershon" (1991). Chemistry Faculty Publications. Paper 61.