Journal of pharmaceutical sciences 80 no. 6:542-544.




Antifungal studies were made of mixtures of minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 8-quinolinol and its 5- and 7-halo analogues against six fungi: Aspergillus niger, A. oryzae, Trichoderma viride, Myrothecium verrucaria, Mucor cirinelloides, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Mixtures of 8-quinolinol with 5- or 7-fluoro-8-quinolinol and of 5- and 7-fluoro-8-quinolinol showed additive activity, and their respective toxicities were reversed by L-cysteine. These results suggested a common mechanism of activity for the three toxicants. Potentiation of the fungitoxicity of mixtures of 8-quinolinol and its 5- and 7-chloro, bromo, and iodo analogues, as well as mixtures of 5- and 7-chloro, 5- and 7-bromo, and 5- and 7-iodo-8-quinolinols, along with the absence of protection of the fungi by L-cysteine from the toxicities of these compounds was observed. This suggested that the modes of action of these compounds were different from each other and from 8-quinolinol and the 5- and 7-fluoro analogues. The geometry of 8-quinolinol as influenced by substituents in the 5- and 7- positions of the molecule determines its site(s) of fungitoxicity

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