Subject dispositions and individual differences associated with prosocial donor behaviors

Karen Marie Kennedy, Fordham University

Abstract

Individual differences and the subjective dispositions of altruism, attitudes, ambivalence, social value orientations, and volunteer functions were hypothesized to be associated with one or more of the four prosocial donor behaviors in the study. The four behaviors were measured by type (charitable donation, volunteering, blood donation, organ donation) and by context (past behavior, behavior intention, and actual behavior) resulting in twelve different individual behavior situations. A new measure, the Prosocial Behavior Attitude Scale (PBAS) was designed for this study to capture specific prosocial behavior attitudes. The hypotheses were tested with a sample of 189 volunteers. The results showed that positive attitudes were associated with almost all of the behaviors. Additionally, attitude ambivalence, proself orientation, value functions, ego-enhancement functions, and ego-protection functions were associated with many of the prosocial donor behaviors in the study. Implications of these results and directions for future research are discussed.^

Subject Area

Psychology, Behavioral|Psychology, Personality

Recommended Citation

Karen Marie Kennedy, "Subject dispositions and individual differences associated with prosocial donor behaviors" (January 1, 2011). ETD Collection for Fordham University. Paper AAI3466708.
http://fordham.bepress.com/dissertations/AAI3466708

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