THE IMPACT OF ADMINISTRATIVE LEADERSHIP STYLE, OTHER ORGANIZATIONAL VARIABLES, AND STRESS ON THE ABSENTEEISM OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS (STUDENT, ACHIEVEMENT, NORTHEAST)
The purpose of this study was to determine if differences existed between elementary schools in which teachers exhibited high/low rates of absenteeism with respect to the variables of administrative leadership style, student achievement and teacher job related stress. Additional relationships were investigated between stress and leadership and absenteeism.^ Maslow's hierarchy of needs was chosen as the basis upon which to rest the decision for absenting oneself from work. Likert's systems of leadership theory provided the framework for comparing the teachers from high/low absentee schools and Seyle's adaptation theory provided the conceptual basis for stress and work.^ Teachers in high/low absentee schools completed Kahn's Job Tension Index, Likert's Profile of a School form 3 and an information sheet for obtaining personal, and school data.^ No significant differences were found between the leadership style, stress scores and student achievement in high/low absentee schools. Significant differences did exist in the stress scores by age, marital status, years taught and grade level taught and between leadership scores and marital status.^ Significant inverse relationships existed between stress scores and leadership scores in both high/low absentee schools. A significant number of inverse relationships existed between stress and teachers' perception of a school as measured by Likert including climate, working conditions, communication and influencing administrative decision making.^ A significant inverse relationship existed between leadership style and absenteeism when a Spearman Rank Order correlation was done to account for teacher transfer and excessing.^ Since relationships were found that link stress and leadership and leadership and absenteeism it was suggested that futher studies be conducted into the relationship of absenteeism and stress. It was also recommended that; administrators be trained in leadership styles that lower stress levels, stress counseling be a part of every school system inservice program and further study be conducted concerning student achievement and teacher absence in light of lost contact time. ^
REBHUN, GILBERT H, "THE IMPACT OF ADMINISTRATIVE LEADERSHIP STYLE, OTHER ORGANIZATIONAL VARIABLES, AND STRESS ON THE ABSENTEEISM OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS (STUDENT, ACHIEVEMENT, NORTHEAST)" (1985). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI8600101.