AN EXPLORATION OF THE ACTIVITY THEORY OF OPTIMAL AGING IN INDIA: A CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE

JAGAT K MOTWANI, Fordham University

Abstract

This study was undertaken in July-August 1985 on a sample of 100 men and 30 women, age 60+ in Baroda, a medium size industrially developing city of India. The data were collected with help of a schedule containing widely used instruments to test the four main hypotheses concerning informal activity, leisure activity, social role supports, and religiosity as the predictors of life satisfaction.^ Age ranged from 60-88 years. More men (88%) were married and more women (60%) widowed. Only one man was divorced and two women were unmarried. All excepting 5 (3.8%) lived in large multi-generation families.^ The results supported leisure activity and social role supports hypotheses; failed to support the religiosity hypothesis; and gave low support to informal activity hypothesis. Informal activity only with friends was found significantly related to life-satisfaction. Sex and income were found significantly, but marital status occupation and SES non-significantly associated with life satisfaction. Optimal aging was found significantly related to spousal and income role supports, but it was not significantly associated with work role supports. Family (38%), contentment (26%), religion (12%), or money (11%) was mentioned as the prime reason for one's happiness or unhappiness. No one mentioned work. ^

Subject Area

Gerontology

Recommended Citation

MOTWANI, JAGAT K, "AN EXPLORATION OF THE ACTIVITY THEORY OF OPTIMAL AGING IN INDIA: A CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE" (1986). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI8701901.
http://fordham.bepress.com/dissertations/AAI8701901

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