A comparison of continuity of life issues, spiritual well-being, perceived social support and life satisfaction in two groups of nursing home residents: Catholic sisters and middle class lay women

Jeannine Marie O'Kane, Fordham University

Abstract

This study compared continuity of life issues, perceived social support, spiritual well-being and life satisfaction in two groups of nursing home residents, Catholic sisters and middle class lay women. It also examined the relationships between the predictor variables of Continuity of Life (COLS), Perceived Social Support from Friends and from Family (PSS-FR and PSS-FA) and Spiritual Well-being (SWBS) to Life Satisfaction (LSES) in both groups.^ One-hundred and seventy-three women (94 sisters and 79 lay women) were administered five self-report batteries: a demographic questionnaire, the Continuity of Life Measure (COLS), the Perceived Social Support from Friends and from Family (PSS-FR and PSS-FA), the Spiritual Well-being Scale (SWBS) and Life Satisfaction in the Elderly Scale (LSES). Results of t tests and regression statistics confirmed hypotheses and showed that sisters scored significantly higher on continuity of life issues, perceived social support from friends, spiritual well-being, and life satisfaction. Pearson product moment correlations indicated significant positive correlations between COLS, PSS-FR and PSS-FA, SWBS, and LSES for the whole sample. Additionally, Regression analysis and a Models Comparison showed that the group of predictor variables (COLS, PSS-FR and SWBS) contributed more to Life Satisfaction than did the group of demographic variables (age, education, health and number of illnesses). For sisters, spiritual well-being contributed most to life satisfaction.^ The findings suggest that Continuity of Life issues, Perceived Social Support from Friends and Spiritual Well-being make significant positive contributions to life satisfaction among nursing home residents, and that Catholic sisters have greater life satisfaction because these variables are present in their lives and thus may be a by-product of community lifestyle. ^

Subject Area

Religion, Clergy|Gerontology|Psychology, Social|Psychology, Developmental

Recommended Citation

Jeannine Marie O'Kane, "A comparison of continuity of life issues, spiritual well-being, perceived social support and life satisfaction in two groups of nursing home residents: Catholic sisters and middle class lay women" (January 1, 1996). ETD Collection for Fordham University. Paper AAI9613862.
http://fordham.bepress.com/dissertations/AAI9613862

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