Self-Mutilation and Symptoms of Depression, Anxiety, and Borderline Personality Disorder
Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences
The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between self-mutilation and symptoms of depression and anxiety in a nonclinical population. Selfmutilators reported significantly more symptoms of depression and anxiety than did the control group. When the group of self-mutilators was divided into individuals who cut themselves and individuals who harm themselves in other ways, we found that the between-group differences were primarily due to individuals with a history of cutting. Yet when symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) were statistically controlled, all significant between-group differences in depressive and anxious symptoms were reduced to nonsignificant. These findings highlight the importance of assessing symptoms of BPD in self-mutilators, regardless of diagnosis.
Andover, Margaret S.; Pepper, Carolyn M.; Ryabchenko, Karen A.; Orrico, Elizabeth G.; and Gibb, Brandon E., "Self-Mutilation and Symptoms of Depression, Anxiety, and Borderline Personality Disorder" (2005). Psychology Faculty Publications. Paper 27.