Chronic disorganization, self-efficacy, and coping as predictors of depressive symptoms in women

Sharon Grossman, Fordham University


This study examined the influence of chronic disorganization, general self-efficacy, and coping on depressive symptoms in women. Several self-report measures, including the Chronic Disorganization Questionnaire (CDQ), the General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), the COPE, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale were distributed to and filled out by 129 women. Of the total sample, 66 women self-identified as organized whereas 63 self-identified as disorganized. Independent t-tests revealed that self-identified disorganized participants scored significantly higher on disorganization, avoidant coping, and depressive symptomatology, and significantly lower on self-efficacy and use of problem-focused and emotion-focused coping strategies than participants who self-identified as organized. Correlational, multiple regression, and path model analyses were conducted to investigate the relationships among the measured variables. Self-efficacy was found to be negatively and significantly correlated with disorganization, avoidant coping, and depression. A positive and significant correlation was found between self-efficacy and problem-focused as well as emotion-focused coping. The CES-D depression scores were predicted directly by chronic disorganization in the path model. However, the mediation effect of problem-focused coping was found to be not significant. In addition, depression was significantly and positively associated with CD and avoidant coping and significantly and negatively associated with self-efficacy and problem-focused coping. Whereas chronic disorganization, self-efficacy, and coping were found to be significant predictors of depression, chronic disorganization was found to be the strongest predictor of depressive symptoms followed by use of avoidant coping. ^

Subject Area

Psychology, Behavioral|Women's Studies|Education, Guidance and Counseling|Psychology, Clinical

Recommended Citation

Grossman, Sharon, "Chronic disorganization, self-efficacy, and coping as predictors of depressive symptoms in women" (2009). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI3361372.