PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS AND COMMUNITY HEALTH IDEOLOGY

HAROLD I LIFSHUTZ, Fordham University

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality characteristics, namely Murray's personality needs, manifest anxiety, and ego strength with community health ideology. More specifically subjects' scores on the personality characteristics were analyzed to determine if they could significantly predict scores on community health orientation. The second part of this study investigated high, medium, and low community health oriented groups to determine whether there were significant differences in the mean scores on the personality characteristics.^ The final part of this study applied grouping techniques such as Q factor analysis and cluster analysis to examine clustering patterns of high community health oriented subjects. Also grouping patterns of high community health oriented subjects were examined to further our knowledge of them.^ The sample of the study consisted of 67 male college freshmen admitted to a combined degree (AB-DDS) program in dental education. Subjects ranged in age from 18 to 21.^ Though many variables, especially the personality needs, were found to correlate significantly, the only variable to significantly correlate (negatively) with community health orientation was the personality need, defendance.^ A multiple regression analysis was computed to test whether personality characteristics mentioned above could significantly predict community health orientation. This analysis yields a statistically significant regression utilizing defendance, harmavoidance, and infavoidance as predictors.^ A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) yielded significant F ratios for the personality needs, rejection and defendance.^ A Q factor analysis and means cluster analysis were computed which did not yield unique group clusters for high or low community health oriented subjects. Examination of the high community oriented group yielded some interesting results when compared with the entire group on the rankings of affiliation and nurturance.^ The results suggest that personality characteristics may have limited utility in predicting community health orientation. In addition, high Comm subjects differ in their affinity for certain needs. More descriptive information on dental students provided current information regarding their composition. . . . (Author's abstract exceeds stipulated maximum length. Discontinued here with permission of author.) UMI ^

Subject Area

Psychology

Recommended Citation

LIFSHUTZ, HAROLD I, "PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS AND COMMUNITY HEALTH IDEOLOGY" (1983). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI8308479.
https://fordham.bepress.com/dissertations/AAI8308479

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