Aging and symptoms of anxiety and depression: Structural invariance of the tripartite model
anxiety, depression, tripartite model, aging, older adults
Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Negative affect measures were evaluated in a cross-sectional community sample of adults aged 18–93 (N = 335) to examine the structure of neuroticism, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in young, middle, and older adult cohorts. Structural equation modeling was used to contrast 3 nested models: a 1-factor general distress model; a 2-factor high negative–low positive affect model; and a 3-factor “tripartite model” reflecting a higher order Negative Affect factor that is common to depression and anxiety problems and 2 lower order factors, Low Positive Affect (mostly specific to depression) and Arousal (specific to anxiety/panic). As expected, the tripartite model fit best for all age groups. Further, multigroup analyses indicated age invariance for the tripartite model, suggesting the model can be effectively applied with older populations.
Teachman, B.A., Siedlecki, K.L., & Magee, J.C. (2007). Aging and symptoms of anxiety and depression: Structural invariance of the tripartite model. Psychology and Aging, 22, 160-170.