Is disgust associated with psychopathology? Emerging research in the anxiety disorders
Disgust; Neural mechanisms; Anxiety disorders; Contamination fear; Spider phobia; Blood-injection-injury phobia
Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Recent evidence indicates that the propensity towards experiencing disgust may contribute to the development and maintenance of some anxiety disorders. This article summarizes the empirical evidence with emphasis on illuminating potential mediators, moderators, and mechanisms of the disgust–anxiety disorder association that may inform the development of an integrative conceptual model. Early research using neuroimaging methods suggest that disgust processing is associated with activation of the insula. This research has the potential to facilitate progress in developing an empirically informed psychobiological theory on the causal role of disgust in the anxiety disorders.
Olatunji, B.O., Cisler, J., McKay, D., & Phillips, M.L. (2010). Is disgust associated with psychopathology? Emerging research in the anxiety disorders. Psychiatry Research, 175, 1-10.